tags: TIL

Variables with Shell-Style Default in docker-compose.yml

Today I learned that in docker-compose.yml, a variable interpolation with a default can be expressed as ${VAR1:-default value} like shell-style parameter expansion. With parameter expansion, you can do more than setting a default value such as modifying the parameter. However, the supported features in docker-compose.yml are limited to two of them: to set a default variable or to make the parameter mandatory. Let's define VAR_ALPHA with a default value for the example service.

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What is MySQL's Online DDL

Today I learned a MySQL term: online DDL. The online DDL lets you alter tables efficiently, without making tables unavailable during the entire operation and exclusive table locks. The behavior of a DDL operation can be specified using the ALGORITHM and LOCK clauses. You don't have to get overwhelmed by the mysterious terms. Actually, you may have used it before without knowing because MySQL will try to use it by default when you execute ordinary alter table statements.

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change_table with Bulk Option Combines Multiple alter-table Statements

Today I learned that when doing database-migration on Rails, change_table :#{table_name}, bulk: true let us combine multiple alter-table statements and it could reduce the cost of the whole alteration. That is, instead of executing multiple alter-table separately, def change add_column :users, :first_name, :string, null: false add_column :users, :last_name, :string, null: false end we can run a single alter-table statement by change_table like as follows. def change change_table :users, bulk: true do |t| t.

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RSpec's #to Method Takes the 2nd Argument As Its failing-message

Today I learned that RSpec's #to method takes the 2nd argument as its custom failing-message. expect(actual_value).to eq(expected_value), message Let's say we are going to test a JSON object. The following example expects a part of the JSON object response_json['eye_colour'] to be "blue". require 'net/https' require 'uri' require 'json' RSpec.describe do example do response = Net::HTTP.get_response(URI('https://swapi.dev/api/people/1/')) response_json = JSON.parse(response.body) expect(response_json['eye_colour']).to eq('blue') end end Unfortunately, this test fails and displays messages like this:

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How to Fix PostgreSQL Error: canceling statement due to conflict with recovery

Today I learned how to fix a PostgreSQL error like this: ERROR: canceling statement due to conflict with recovery DETAIL: User query might have needed to see row versions that must be removed. It's about database replication. I have been getting that on read-only database which uses PostgreSQL Hot Standby. This error didn't happen always but happened occasionally. I fixed that by setting both max_standby_archive_delay and max_standby_streaming_delay to a longer time (300s) on the standby servers.

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`sole` Method Is Going to Be Introduced into ActiveRecord and Enumerable

Today I learned that Rails 6.1.3 does not have methods that raise exceptions when more than one record was found. However, in future versions, we could use ActiveRecord::FinderMethods#sole for that purpose. It seems Enumerable#sole is also going to be introduced. Sometimes I need to make sure there is one and only one record that matches a condition without using a unique-index, for example, when I cannot add that constraint to the database.

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Format with to_s Methods ActiveSupport Provides

Today I learned/remembered that to format a number with a delimiter, we can use ActiveSupport::NumericWithFormat#to_s(:delimited). require 'active_support' require 'active_support/core_ext' 123456789.to_s(:delimited) # => "123,456,789" Not only that, but this method also provides other formats and takes options to tweak its behavior. 123456789.to_s(:delimited, delimiter: '-') # => "123-456-789" 123456789.to_s(:currency, precision: 3) # => "$123,456,789.000" 123456789.to_s(:human_size) # => "118 MB" 123456789.to_s(:human) # => "123 Million" Originally, when I need to format a number to a delimited number, I would try to use number_to_delimited provided by ActiveSupport::NumberHelper.

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Gentaro "hibariya" Terada

Otaka-no-mori, Chiba, Japan
Email me

Likes Ruby, Internet, and Programming.